How to Sew Basics – Step by Step

Regardless of the nature of the sewing project that you want to take up, what’s essential is for you to know the basics of this procedure for the results to be perfect. To help you become great at basic sewing fast, we have put together this article where you can find a step by step explanation of what you need to do.

At one point, you will need to sew together fabrics that have been ripped or you are going to want to create something with your own two hands. When that moment comes, you need to be aware of the sewing basics to make sure that the end result will be perfect and that you won’t get lost in details along the way, missing important tools and not knowing in what order certain steps need to be done.

Obviously, the best case scenario would be to use a machine. With a top quality sewing machine, you are going to finish any project you take up fast and with maximum precision. If this is your first time using a sewing machine or you don’t have one at your disposal, you have come to the right place. In the following, we will show you what the sewing basics that you need to be aware of are, taking you through a step by step representation so that all of the projects you take up will be sewed perfectly.

Step #1 – Understand the Vocabulary First

One of the biggest barriers that will stand in your way when trying to master sewing is the complicated vocabulary that you won’t understand at first. To remove these barriers and to be able to accumulate skill faster, you first have to understand the specialty terms and words that are used in sewing tutorials and book. This way, when you are going to get a hang of basic sewing and you will want to do more complicated projects, you won’t be stuck at the first step due to a major lack of understanding the instructions and expressions used.

Step #2 – Basic Tools and Equipment

Before you actually start sewing, you must make sure that you have all the tools and equipment that you need in your reach. Otherwise, you will inevitably end up not being capable to finish sewing as you’re missing an important piece such as the scissors or the thread. The tools and equipment required for a sewing session are threads, scissors, tape measure, gauge, seam ripper, needles, and straight pins. In the following, we will tell you more about the importance of each tool.


Make sure that you have a wide variety of different colored threads at your disposal. This way, regardless of the materials that you’re sewing, you will have a thread that matches the color in your arsenal. Also, don’t cheap out when making the purchase as it’s mandatory for the threads that you use to be of a good quality and not fall apart easily.


For sewing, you need at least two pairs of scissors – a pair of cheap paper scissors, and a pair of quality fabric shears. By having both types of scissors in your collection you are ensured that you will be up to any task that is going to come your way.

Tape Measure

The tape measure is necessary when doing most sewing projects as you use it to precisely measure the fabric length that you need to cut or do any other type of procedure. The only thing that you should take into consideration when buying the tape measure is for it to be at least 2 meters long so that it will serve you well regardless of the circumstances.


When you will take up more complicated projects, you are going to need to trace straight lines and do other complicated and accurate procedures. For this, you need a gauge as it’s the ideal tool for making accurate measurements.

Seam Ripper

At one point, you are going to need to use a seam ripper to repair sewing mistakes or do other similar tasks. These tools are very sharp and precise, and they come in many sizes. What we recommend you do is to purchase seam rippers in as many sizes as possible to be prepared for any situation.

Hand Sewing Needles

Obviously, you need needles when hand sewing. To make sure that you have the perfect sewing needle for any occasion or project, what you need to do is to put together a nice and large assortment of needles of all sizes.

Straight Pins and Pin Cushion

Just like sewing needles, pins are fundamental tools for those who take up sewing. Regardless of the models that you like, whether they are going to have a simple design or they will feature different colored heads for you to make it easier to handle them, make sure that you have a generous assortment of straight pins. Also, invest in a pin cushion where you safely and conveniently pin them to have them in your reach and not lose any of these important sewing tools.

Step #3 – Unraveling and Weaving

Now that you have all the tools required for basic sewing and for more complicated projects, let’s start to explain the sewing basics. We will start off with the unraveling and weaving procedures as these are the first two steps that you must go through before you commence. What you need to do is to first unravel the thread from the spool. Make sure that you pull out more thread that you approximate is needed for the procedure, but don’t exaggerate as you will be inconvenienced by an absurd length of the thread.

When you find the perfect length for the thread, cut it from the spool using the scissors. Next, take a sewing needle that you feel most comfortable using for the specific project that you’re taking up and weave the thread through the loop found on the needle’s non-sharp end. Weave until it’s halfway through the thread. Next, fold it in half, bring the two thread ends close together, and tie the end of the thread at least 2-3 times to make sure that it’s secured.

Step #4 – Sewing Procedure

When you start sewing the materials together, you need to start close to the edge, approximately one centimeter aware from the edge, to be more precise. Push the needle through the starting point and pull it all the way through until the knot reaches the end of the fabric. Take the needle and put through the fabric next to the first spot that you went through, keeping a distance of at leave 0.5 cm between the two points. Pull the needle all the way through until the knot hits the fabric, as you did previously.

Now the needle is on the other side of the fabric. What you need to do is to go back through the material with it beside the spot that it came out of. Continue to do this procedure and try to keep the same distance between the sewing points while doing it. When you reach the end of the fabric’s side that you want to sew, tie a secure knot. Afterward, use the scissors to cut the thread, but don’t tie too close to the knot as this will cause it to open. Flip the fabric on both sides to see if you did a good job and if any changes need to be made.